Anxiety is a heightened mental or emotional state of stress resulting from challenging conditions. However, events themselves are not intrinsically stressful. The same set of circumstances that produce smiles in some people generate fear and anxiety in others. Anxiety and stress are caused by how we react to events.
Such diverse responses can be seen on the faces of those on a roller coaster as it descends into a deep dive. The same is true for an invitation to attend a public reception of five hundred people. Some respond with an attitude of, “How wonderful! I will meet so many new people.” Others respond with, “How horrible! There is no way I’m going to get lost in such a crowd.” One person is excited while the other is stressed or anxious to the point of sweating just thinking about the event. Both responses are reactions to a mental story, not the event.
We often respond to events by generating anxiety. Unhelpful responses to stress take many forms. We may use intellectual analysis to dream up “what-if” situations. Projecting our fears based on what someone said is another typical response. Or, we may paint a story onto some common condition in our lives. Then we dwell in the emotions and anxiety about responding or dealing with the story we generated.
Anxiety can be so disturbing it will disrupt daily routines and work habits. When stress is intense, methods that work best are often those not dependent upon more mental assessment or analysis. Dr. Pat Ogden developed such methods by combining somatic therapy techniques with attachment theory and cognitive applications. She founded the Sensorimotor Psychotherapy Institute in 1981 to teach sensorimotor therapy. Adapted from Dr. Ogden’s principles of walking meditation, I share with my clients walking mindfully.
When stress boils over into anxiety, it is possible to walk away. Even in an intense work setting, a short walk done mindfully can provide a bit of relief.
Mindful walking requires the mind to focus on all that is happening while walking. It demands walking with the body instead of all the blah, blah, blah. Although all the anxiety may not disappear, the intensity of it will lessen by forcing the thought processes to drop down into the body. Sense everything around you, a foot touching the ground, a leg swinging out, hearing the sound of a door closing, a car horn. By placing attention on the sensation, one cannot stay fixated on feelings of anxiety nor past events that cause stress.
When anxiety starts the foot pumping or fingers tapping on the table, it is time to get up and use the simple instructions below. If at work it might be a walk to the water cooler or a break room. If at home, it might be a walk around the block. If waiting for an appointment, it can be a short walk down and back in the hallway. Use the instructions below to take a mini-vacation from stress and anxiety.
MINDFUL WALKING TIPS
Prepare to walk:
- Stand with shoulders back and head up.
- Look outward and lower the gaze.
- Breathe in and out, SLOWLY.
- Align with gravity.
- Distribute weight over both feet and relax.
- Bend knees slightly.
Walk at your own pace mindfully:
- Pick up one foot and stretch out the leg in front slightly.
- Place heel down and feel the heel touch the ground.
- Continue shifting weight onto the foot by putting toes on the ground.
- Stand fully on the one foot, letting back heel start to rise.
- Bring back leg forward and place heel down on the ground.
- Continue walking with a relaxed gaze.
- As thoughts arise, return focus to walking.
As you walk, notice sensations in the body. Notice where you are placing your weight? What do you feel when you walk? (internally and externally) What do you see, smell, or hear? Do you feel air moving on your skin from a fan or the wind? Is there warmth on your face? As thoughts or emotions arise, notice the idea or feeling and then think, “I am walking.” Breathe in, breathe out. Focus on the movement and sensations of your body. And, if a sensation is pleasing, remember to smile. The sun won’t mind.
- By Carol O’Dowd, MPA, M.Div., MI, RP